Section: OpenSSL (1SSL)
openssl pkeyutl [-in file] [-out file] [-sigfile file] [-inkey file] [-keyform PEM|DER] [-passin arg] [-peerkey file] [-peerform PEM|DER] [-pubin] [-certin] [-rev] [-sign] [-verify] [-verifyrecover] [-encrypt] [-decrypt] [-derive] [-pkeyopt opt:value] [-hexdump] [-asn1parse] [-engine id]
The operations and options supported vary according to the key algorithm and its implementation. The OpenSSL operations and options are indicated below.
Unless otherwise mentioned all algorithms support the digest:alg option which specifies the digest in use for sign, verify and verifyrecover operations. The value alg should represent a digest name as used in the EVP_get_digestbyname() function for example sha1.
The RSA algorithm supports encrypt, decrypt, sign, verify and verifyrecover operations in general. Some padding modes only support some of these operations however.
In PKCS#1 padding if the message digest is not set then the supplied data is signed or verified directly instead of using a DigestInfo structure. If a digest is set then the a DigestInfo structure is used and its the length must correspond to the digest type.
For oeap mode only encryption and decryption is supported.
For x931 if the digest type is set it is used to format the block data otherwise the first byte is used to specify the X9.31 digest ID. Sign, verify and verifyrecover are can be performed in this mode.
For pss mode only sign and verify are supported and the digest type must be specified.
The DSA algorithm supports signing and verification operations only. Currently there are no additional options other than digest. Only the SHA1 digest can be used and this digest is assumed by default.
The EC algorithm supports sign, verify and derive operations. The sign and verify operations use ECDSA and derive uses ECDH. Currently there are no additional options other than digest. Only the SHA1 digest can be used and this digest is assumed by default.
Sign some data using a private key:
openssl pkeyutl -sign -in file -inkey key.pem -out sig
Recover the signed data (e.g. if an RSA key is used):
openssl pkeyutl -verifyrecover -in sig -inkey key.pem
Verify the signature (e.g. a DSA key):
openssl pkeyutl -verify -in file -sigfile sig -inkey key.pem
Sign data using a message digest value (this is currently only valid for RSA):
openssl pkeyutl -sign -in file -inkey key.pem -out sig -pkeyopt digest:sha256
Derive a shared secret value:
openssl pkeyutl -derive -inkey key.pem -peerkey pubkey.pem -out secret
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