Section: User Commands (1)
Updated: xman 1.1.3
Xman is a manual page browser. The default size of the initial xman window is small so that you can leave it running throughout your entire login session. In the initial window there are three options: Help will pop up a window with on-line help, Quit will exit, and Manual Page will pop up a window with a manual page browser in it. Typing Control-S will pop up a window prompting for a specific manual page to display. You may display more than one manual page browser window at a time from a single execution of xman.
Xman allows customization of both the directories to be searched for manual pages, and the name that each directory will map to in the Sections menu. Xman determines which directories it will search by reading the MANPATH environment variable. If no MANPATH is found then the directory is /usr/man is searched on POSIX systems. This environment is expected to be a colon-separated list of directories for xman to search.
setenv MANPATH /mit/kit/man:/usr/man
By default, xman will search each of the following directories (in each of the directories specified in the users MANPATH) for manual pages. If manual pages exist in that directory then they are added to list of manual pages for the corresponding menu item. A menu item is only displayed for those sections that actually contain manual pages.
<TABLE> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD>Directory</TD> <TD>Section Name
</TD> </TR> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD>-</TD> <TD>-
</TD> </TR> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD></TD> <TD>(l) Local
</TD> </TR> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD></TD> <TD>(n) New
</TD> </TR> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD>mano</TD> <TD>(o) Old
</TD> </TR> </TABLE>
For instance, a user has three directories in her manual path and each contain a directory called man3. All these manual pages will appear alphabetically sorted when the user selects the menu item called (3) Subroutines. If there is no directory called mano in any of the directories in her MANPATH, or there are no manual pages in any of the directories called mano then no menu item will be displayed for the section called (o) Old.
In newer BSD and Linux systems, Xman will search for a file named /etc/man.conf which will contain the list of directories containing manual pages. See (5) for a complete description of the file format.
By using the mandesc file a user or system manager is able to more closely control which manual pages will appear in each of the sections represented by menu items in the Sections menu. This functionality is only available on a section by section basis, and individual manual pages may not be handled in this manner. (Although generous use of symbolic links --- see ln?(1) --- will allow almost any configuration you can imagine.)
The format of the mandesc file is a character followed by a label. The character determines which of the sections will be added under this label. For instance suppose that you would like to create an extra menu item that contains all programmer subroutines. This label should contain all manual pages in both sections two and three. The mandesc file would look like this:
2Programmer Subroutines 3Programmer Subroutines
This will add a menu item to the Sections menu that would bring up a listing of all manual pages in sections two and three of the Programmers Manual. Since the label names are exactly the same they will be added to the same section. Note, however, that the original sections still exist.
If you want to completely ignore the default sections in a manual directory then add the line:
no default sections
anywhere in your mandesc file. This keeps xman from searching the default manual sections In that directory only. As an example, suppose you want to do the same thing as above, but you don't think that it is useful to have the System Calls or Subroutines sections any longer. You would need to duplicate the default entries, as well as adding your new one.
no default sections 1?(1) User Commands 2Programmer Subroutines 3Programmer Subroutines 4?(4) Devices 5?(5) File Formats 6?(6) Games 7?(7) Miscellaneous 8?(8) Sys. Administration (l) Local (n) New o(o) Old
Xman will read any section that is of the from man<character>, where <character> is an upper or lower case letter (they are treated distinctly) or a numeral (0-9). Be warned, however, that man?(1) and catman?(8) will not search directories that are non-standard.
In order to specify resources, it is useful to know the hierarchy of the widgets which compose xman. In the notation below, indentation indicates hierarchical structure. The widget class name is given first, followed by the widget instance name.
Xman xman (This widget is never used) TopLevelShell topBox Form form Label topLabel Command helpButton Command quitButton Command manpageButton TransientShell search DialogWidgetClass dialog Label label Text value Command manualPage Command apropos Command cancel TransientShell pleaseStandBy Label label TopLevelShell manualBrowser Paned Manpage_Vpane Paned horizPane MenuButton options MenuButton sections Label manualBrowser Viewport directory List directory List directory . . (one for each section, . created on the fly) . ScrollByLine manualPage SimpleMenu optionMenu SmeBSB displayDirectory SmeBSB displayManualPage SmeBSB help SmeBSB search SmeBSB showBothScreens SmeBSB removeThisManpage SmeBSB openNewManpage SmeBSB showVersion SmeBSB quit SimpleMenu sectionMenu SmeBSB <name of section> . . (one for each section) . TransientShell search DialogWidgetClass dialog Label label Text value Command manualPage Command apropos Command cancel TransientShell pleaseStandBy Label label TransientShell likeToSave Dialog dialog Label label Text value Command yes Command no TopLevelShell help Paned Manpage_Vpane Paned horizPane MenuButton options MenuButton sections Label manualBrowser ScrollByLine manualPage SimpleMenu optionMenu SmeBSB displayDirectory SmeBSB displayManualPage SmeBSB help SmeBSB search SmeBSB showBothScreens SmeBSB removeThisManpage SmeBSB openNewManpage SmeBSB showVersion SmeBSB quit
xman has the following application-specific resources which allow customizations unique to xman.
Xman defines all user interaction through global actions. This allows the user to modify the translation table of any widget, and bind any event to the new user action. The list of actions supported by xman are:
Chris Peterson, MIT X Consortium from the V10 version written by Barry Shein formerly of Boston University. Bug fixes and Linux support by Carlos A M dos Santos, for The XFree86 Project.
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