Section: User Commands (1)
Updated: 15 Jun 2002
xsane [--version|-v] [--license|-l] [--device-settings file |-d file] [--viewer|-V] [--save|-s] [--copy|-c] [--fax|-f] [--mail|-m] [--no-mode-selection|-n] [--Fixed|-F] [--Resizable|-R] [--print-filenames|-p] [--force-filename name |-N name] [--display d] [--sync] [devicename]
xsane provides a graphical user-interface to control an image acquisition device such as a flatbed scanner. It allows previewing and scanning individual images and can be invoked either directly from the command-line or through The GIMP image manipulation program. In the former case, xsane acts as a stand-alone program that saves acquired images in a suitable PNM format (PBM for black-and-white images, PGM for grayscale images, and PPM for color images) or converts the image to JPEG, PNG, PS or TIFF. In the latter case, the images are directly passed to The GIMP for further processing.
xsane accesses image acquisition devices through the SANE (Scanner Access Now Easy) interface. The list of available devices depends on installed hardware and configuration. When invoked without an explicit devicename argument, xsane presents a dialog listing all known and available devices. To access an available device that is not known to the system, the devicename must be specified explicitly. The format of devicename is backendname:devicefile (eg: umax:/dev/sga).
RUNNING UNDER THE GIMP
To run xsane under the gimp?(1), you should at first make sure that xsane is compiled with gimp support by entering "xsane -v" on a shell. If xsane is compiled with gimp support then simply set a symbolic link from the xsane-binary to one of the gimp?(1) plug-ins directories. For example, for gimp-1.0.x the command
- ln -s /usr/bin/xsane ~/.gimp/plug-ins/
for gimp 1.2.x the command:
- ln -s /usr/bin/xsane ~/.gimp-1.2/plug-ins/
and for gimp 2.0.x the command:
- ln -s /usr/bin/xsane ~/.gimp-2.0/plug-ins/
adds a symlink for the xsane binary to the user's plug-ins directory. After creating this symlink, xsane will be queried by gimp?(1) the next time it's invoked. From then on, xsane can be invoked through "Xtns->XSane->Device dialog..." (gimp-1.0.x) or through "File->Acquire->XSane->Device dialog..." (gimp-1.2.x and 2.0.x) menu entry.
You'll also find that the "Xtns->XSane" or "File->Acquire->XSane" menu contains short-cuts to the SANE devices that were available at the time the xsane was queried. Note that gimp?(1) caches these short-cuts in ~/.gimp/pluginrc. Thus, when the list of available devices changes (e.g., a new scanner is installed or the device of the scanner has changed), then it is typically desirable to rebuild this cache. To do this, you can either touch?(1) the xsane binary (e.g., "touch /usr/bin/xsane") or delete the plugin cache (e.g., "rm ~/.gimp/pluginrc"). Either way, invoking gimp?(1) afterwards will cause the pluginrc to be rebuilt.
When xsane is started from the gimp then it is not possible to add a devicename explicitly. You have to make the devices known to the system by configuring sane-dll, sane-net and saned.
If the --version or -v flag is given xsane prints a version information, some information about gtk+ and gimp version it is compiled against and lists the supported fileformats, then it exits.
when the --license or -l flag is igven xsane prints license information and exits.
The --device-settings or -d flag reads the next option as default filename for device settings. The extension ".drc" must not be included.
The --viewer or -V flag forces xsane to start in viewer mode.
The --save or -s flag forces xsane to start in save mode.
The --copy or -c flag forces xsane to start in copy mode.
The --fax or -f flag forces xsane to start in fax mode.
The --mail or -m flag forces xsane to start in mail mode.
The --no-mode-selection or -n flag disables the menu for xsane mode selection (viwer, save, copy, fax, mail).
If the --Fixed or -F flag is given then xsane uses a fixed, non resizable main window. The flag overwrites the preferences value.
If the --Resizable or -R flag is given then xsane uses a scrolled and resizable main window. The flag overwrites the preferences value.
If --print-filenames or -p flag is given then xsane prints the names of created files to the standard output.
When the flag --force-filename or -N is given then xsane reads the next option as default image filename. The name should be of the format "name-###.ext". The selection box for filenames is disabled. This option normally should be used with the option --no-mode-selection and --save.
- is used to preselect the device in the device dialog. This way you only have to accept the device (<ENTER> or OK-Button).:
- This files holds the user preferences. Normally, this file should not be manipulated directly. Instead, the user should customize the program through the "Preferences" menu.:
- For each device, there is one rc-file that holds the saved settings for that particular device. Normally, this file should not be manipulated directly. Instead, the user should use the xsane interface to select appropriate values and then save the device settings using the "Preferences->Save Device Settings" menubar entry.:
- This system-wide file controls the aspects of the user-interface such as colors and fonts. It is a GTK style file and provides fine control over the visual aspects of the user-interface.:
- This file serves the same purpose as the system-wide style file. If present, it takes precedence over the system wide style file.:
Oliver Rauch <Oliver.Rauch@rauch-domain.de>