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Parse::DebianChangelog

Section: User Contributed Perl Documentation (3pm)

Updated: 2014-09-11

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NAME

Parse::DebianChangelog - parse Debian changelogs and output them in other formats

SYNOPSIS

DESCRIPTION

Parse::DebianChangelog parses Debian changelogs as described in the Debian policy (version 3.6.2.1 at the time of this writing). See section ``SEE ALSO'' for locations where to find this definition.

The parser tries to ignore most cruft like # or /* */ style comments, CVS comments, vim variables, emacs local variables and stuff from older changelogs with other formats at the end of the file. NOTE: most of these are ignored silently currently, there is no parser error issued for them. This should become configurable in the future.

Beside giving access to the details of the parsed file via the ``data'' method, Parse::DebianChangelog also supports converting these changelogs to various other formats. These are currently:

dpkg
Format as known from dpkg-parsechangelog?(1). All requested entries (see ``METHODS for an explanation what this means) are returned in the usual Debian control format, merged in one stanza, ready to be used in a .changes'' file.:
rfc822
Similar to the format, but the requested entries are returned as one stanza each, i.e. they are not merged. This is probably the format to use if you want a machine-usable representation of the changelog.:
xml
Just a simple XML dump of the changelog data. Without any schema or DTD currently, just some made up XML. The actual format might still change. Comments and Improvements welcome.:
html
The changelog is converted to a somewhat nice looking HTML file with some nice features as a quick-link bar with direct links to every entry. NOTE: This is not very configurable yet and was specifically designed to be used on <http://packages.debian.org/>. This is planned to be changed until version 1.0.:

METHODS

init

Creates a new object instance. Takes a reference to a hash as optional argument, which is interpreted as configuration options. There are currently no supported general configuration options, but see the other methods for more specific configuration options which can also specified to .
If , or are specified (see parse), is called from . If a fatal error is encountered during parsing (e.g. the file can't be opened), will not return a valid object but !

reset_parse_errors

Can be used to delete all information about errors ocurred during previous parse runs. Note that also calls this method.

get_parse_errors

Returns all error messages from the last parse run. If called in scalar context returns a human readable string representation. If called in list context returns an array of arrays. Each of these arrays contains

1.
the filename of the parsed file or if a string was parsed directly:
2.
the line number where the error occurred:
3.
an error description:
4.
the original line:

NOTE: This format isn't stable yet and may change in later versions of this module.

get_error

Get the last non-parser error (e.g. the file to parse couldn't be opened).

parse

Parses either the file named in configuration item , the string saved in configuration item or the open file handle saved in the configuration item . In the latter case, the handle can be named by using the optional configuration item . Accepts a hash ref as optional argument which can contain configuration items.
Returns in case of error (e.g. ``file not found'', not parse errors) and the object if successful. If was returned, you can get the reason for the failure by calling the get_error method.

data

returns an array (if called in list context) or a reference to an array of Parse::DebianChangelog::Entry objects which each represent one entry of the changelog.

This is currently merely a placeholder to enable users to get to the raw data, expect changes to this API in the near future.

This method supports the common output options described in section ``COMMON OUTPUT OPTIONS''.

dpkg

(and dpkg_str)

returns a hash (in list context) or a hash reference (in scalar context) where the keys are field names and the values are field values. The following fields are given:
Source
package name (in the first entry):
Version
packages' version (from first entry):
Distribution
target distribution (from first entry):
Urgency
urgency (highest of all printed entries):
Maintainer
person that created the (first) entry:
Date
date of the (first) entry:
Closes
bugs closed by the entry/entries, sorted by bug number:
Changes
content of the the entry/entries:
returns a stringified version of this hash which should look exactly like the output of dpkg-parsechangelog?(1). The fields are ordered like in the list above.

Both methods only support the common output options described in section ``COMMON OUTPUT OPTIONS''.

dpkg_str

See dpkg.

rfc822

(and rfc822_str)

returns an array of hashes (in list context) or a reference to this array (in scalar context) where each hash represents one entry in the changelog. For the format of such a hash see the description of the ``dpkg'' method (while ignoring the remarks about which values are taken from the first entry).
returns a stringified version of this hash which looks similar to the output of dpkg-parsechangelog but instead of one stanza the output contains one stanza for each entry.

Both methods only support the common output options described in section ``COMMON OUTPUT OPTIONS''.

rfc822_str

See rfc822.

xml

(and xml_str)

converts the changelog to some free-form (i.e. there is neither a DTD or a schema for it) XML.
The method is an alias for .

Both methods support the common output options described in section ``COMMON OUTPUT OPTIONS'' and additionally the following configuration options (as usual to give in a hash reference as parameter to the method call):

outfile
directly write the output to the file specified:

xml_str

See xml.

html

(and html_str)

converts the changelog to a HTML file with some nice features such as a quick-link bar with direct links to every entry. The HTML is generated with the help of HTML::Template. If you want to change the output you should use the default template provided with this module as a base and read the documentation of HTML::Template to understand how to edit it.
The method is an alias for .

Both methods support the common output options described in section ``COMMON OUTPUT OPTIONS'' and additionally the following configuration options (as usual to give in a hash reference as parameter to the method call):

outfile
directly write the output to the file specified:
template
template file to use, defaults to tmpl/default.tmpl, so you most likely want to override that. NOTE: The plan is to provide a configuration file for the module later to be able to use sane defaults here.:
style
path to the CSS stylesheet to use (a default might be specified in the template and will be honoured, see the default template for an example):
print_style
path to the CSS stylesheet to use for printing (see the notes for about default values):

html_str

See html.

init_filters

not yet documented

apply_filters

not yet documented

add_filter, delete_filter, replace_filter

not yet documented

COMMON OUTPUT OPTIONS

The following options are supported by all output methods, all take a version number as value:

since
Causes changelog information from all versions strictly later than version to be used.
(works exactly like the option of dpkg-parsechangelog).

:

until
Causes changelog information from all versions strictly earlier than version to be used.:
from
Similar to but also includes the information for the specified version itself.:
to
Similar to but also includes the information for the specified version itself.:

The following options also supported by all output methods but don't take version numbers as values:

all
If set to a true value, all entries of the changelog are returned, this overrides all other options. While the XML and HTML formats default to all == true, this does of course not overwrite other options unless it is set explicitly with the call.:
count
Expects a signed integer as value. Returns entries from the top of the changelog if set to a positive integer, and entries from the tail if set to a negative integer.:
offset
Expects a signed integer as value. Changes the starting point for , either counted from the top (positive integer) or from the tail (negative integer). has no effect if wasn't given as well.:

Some examples for the above options. Imagine an example changelog with entries for the versions 1.2, 1.3, 2.0, 2.1, 2.2, 3.0 and 3.1.

Any combination of one option of and and one of and returns the intersection of the two results with only one of the options specified.

SEE ALSO

Parse::DebianChangelog::Entry, Parse::DebianChangelog::ChangesFilters

Description of the Debian changelog format in the Debian policy: <http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ch-source.html#s-dpkgchangelog>.

AUTHOR

Frank Lichtenheld, <[email protected]>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Copyright (C) 2005 by Frank Lichtenheld

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA


Index

NAME

SYNOPSIS

DESCRIPTION

METHODS

COMMON OUTPUT OPTIONS

SEE ALSO

AUTHOR

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE