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CONSOLE_IOCTL

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (4)

Updated: 2009-02-28

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NAME

console_ioctl - ioctls for console terminal and virtual consoles

DESCRIPTION

The following Linux-specific ioctl?(2) requests are supported. Each requires a third argument, assumed here to be argp.

KDGETLED
Get state of LEDs. argp points to a char. The lower three bits of *argp are set to the state of the LEDs, as follows:

<TABLE> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD>LED_CAP</TD> <TD>0x04</TD> <TD>caps lock led

</TD> </TR> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD>LED_NUM</TD> <TD>0x02</TD> <TD>num lock led

</TD> </TR> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD>LED_SCR</TD> <TD>0x01</TD> <TD>scroll lock led

</TD> </TR> </TABLE> :

KDSETLED
Set the LEDs. The LEDs are set to correspond to the lower three bits of argp. However, if a higher order bit is set, the LEDs revert to normal: displaying the state of the keyboard functions of caps lock, num lock, and scroll lock.:

Before 1.1.54, the LEDs just reflected the state of the corresponding keyboard flags, and KDGETLED/KDSETLED would also change the keyboard flags. Since 1.1.54 the LEDs can be made to display arbitrary information, but by default they display the keyboard flags. The following two ioctls are used to access the keyboard flags.

KDGKBLED
Get keyboard flags CapsLock, NumLock, ScrollLock (not lights). argp points to a char which is set to the flag state. The low order three bits (mask 0x7) get the current flag state, and the low order bits of the next nibble (mask 0x70) get the default flag state. (Since 1.1.54.):
KDSKBLED
Set keyboard flags CapsLock, NumLock, ScrollLock (not lights). argp has the desired flag state. The low order three bits (mask 0x7) have the flag state, and the low order bits of the next nibble (mask 0x70) have the default flag state. (Since 1.1.54.):
KDGKBTYPE
Get keyboard type. This returns the value KB_101, defined as 0x02.:
KDADDIO
Add I/O port as valid. Equivalent to ioperm(arg,1,1).:
KDDELIO
Delete I/O port as valid. Equivalent to ioperm(arg,1,0).:
KDENABIO
Enable I/O to video board. Equivalent to ioperm(0x3b4, 0x3df-0x3b4+1, 1).:
KDDISABIO
Disable I/O to video board. Equivalent to ioperm(0x3b4, 0x3df-0x3b4+1, 0).:
KDSETMODE
Set text/graphics mode. argp is one of these:

<TABLE> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD>KD_TEXT</TD> <TD>0x00

</TD> </TR> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD>KD_GRAPHICS</TD> <TD>0x01

</TD> </TR> </TABLE> :

KDGETMODE
Get text/graphics mode. argp points to a long which is set to one of the above values.:
KDMKTONE
Generate tone of specified length. The lower 16 bits of argp specify the period in clock cycles, and the upper 16 bits give the duration in msec. If the duration is zero, the sound is turned off. Control returns immediately. For example, argp = (125<<16) + 0x637 would specify the beep normally associated with a ctrl-G. (Thus since 0.99pl1; broken in 2.1.49-50.):
KIOCSOUND
Start or stop sound generation. The lower 16 bits of argp specify the period in clock cycles (that is, argp = 1193180/frequency). argp = 0 turns sound off. In either case, control returns immediately.:
GIO_CMAP
Get the current default color map from kernel. argp points to a 48-byte array. (Since 1.3.3.):
PIO_CMAP
Change the default text-mode color map. argp points to a 48-byte array which contains, in order, the Red, Green, and Blue values for the 16 available screen colors: 0 is off, and 255 is full intensity. The default colors are, in order: black, dark red, dark green, brown, dark blue, dark purple, dark cyan, light grey, dark grey, bright red, bright green, yellow, bright blue, bright purple, bright cyan and white. (Since 1.3.3.):
GIO_FONT
Gets 256-character screen font in expanded form. argp points to an 8192 byte array. Fails with error code EINVAL if the currently loaded font is a 512-character font, or if the console is not in text mode.:
GIO_FONTX
Gets screen font and associated information. argp points to a struct consolefontdesc (see PIO_FONTX). On call, the charcount field should be set to the maximum number of characters that would fit in the buffer pointed to by chardata. On return, the charcount and charheight are filled with the respective data for the currently loaded font, and the chardata array contains the font data if the initial value of charcount indicated enough space was available; otherwise the buffer is untouched and errno is set to ENOMEM. (Since 1.3.1.):
PIO_FONT
Sets 256-character screen font. Load font into the EGA/VGA character generator. argp points to a 8192 byte map, with 32 bytes per character. Only the first N of them are used for an 8xN font (0 < N <= 32). This call also invalidates the Unicode mapping.:
PIO_FONTX
Sets screen font and associated rendering information. argp points to a

If necessary, the screen will be appropriately resized, and SIGWINCH sent to the appropriate processes. This call also invalidates the Unicode mapping. (Since 1.3.1.)

:

PIO_FONTRESET
Resets the screen font, size and Unicode mapping to the bootup defaults. argp is unused, but should be set to NULL to ensure compatibility with future versions of Linux. (Since 1.3.28.):
GIO_SCRNMAP
Get screen mapping from kernel. argp points to an area of size E_TABSZ, which is loaded with the font positions used to display each character. This call is likely to return useless information if the currently loaded font is more than 256 characters.:
GIO_UNISCRNMAP
Get full Unicode screen mapping from kernel. argp points to an area of size E_TABSZ*sizeof(unsigned short), which is loaded with the Unicodes each character represent. A special set of Unicodes, starting at U+F000, are used to represent "direct to font" mappings. (Since 1.3.1.):
PIO_SCRNMAP
Loads the "user definable" (fourth) table in the kernel which maps bytes into console screen symbols. argp points to an area of size E_TABSZ.:
PIO_UNISCRNMAP
Loads the "user definable" (fourth) table in the kernel which maps bytes into Unicodes, which are then translated into screen symbols according to the currently loaded Unicode-to-font map. Special Unicodes starting at U+F000 can be used to map directly to the font symbols. (Since 1.3.1.):
GIO_UNIMAP
Get Unicode-to-font mapping from kernel. argp points to a

where entries points to an array of

(Since 1.1.92.)

:

PIO_UNIMAP
Put unicode-to-font mapping in kernel. argp points to a struct unimapdesc. (Since 1.1.92):
PIO_UNIMAPCLR
Clear table, possibly advise hash algorithm. argp points to a

(Since 1.1.92.)

:

KDGKBMODE
Gets current keyboard mode. argp points to a long which is set to one of these:

<TABLE> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD>K_RAW</TD> <TD>0x00

</TD> </TR> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD>K_XLATE</TD> <TD>0x01

</TD> </TR> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD>K_MEDIUMRAW</TD> <TD>0x02

</TD> </TR> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD>K_UNICODE</TD> <TD>0x03

</TD> </TR> </TABLE> :

KDSKBMODE
Sets current keyboard mode. argp is a long equal to one of the above values.:
KDGKBMETA
Gets meta key handling mode. argp points to a long which is set to one of these:

<TABLE> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD>K_METABIT</TD> <TD>0x03</TD> <TD>set high order bit

</TD> </TR> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD>K_ESCPREFIX</TD> <TD>0x04</TD> <TD>escape prefix

</TD> </TR> </TABLE> :

KDSKBMETA
Sets meta key handling mode. argp is a long equal to one of the above values.:
KDGKBENT
Gets one entry in key translation table (keycode to action code). argp points to a

with the first two members filled in: kb_table selects the key table (0 <= kb_table < MAX_NR_KEYMAPS), and kb_index is the keycode (0 <= kb_index < NR_KEYS). kb_value is set to the corresponding action code, or K_HOLE if there is no such key, or K_NOSUCHMAP if kb_table is invalid.

:

KDSKBENT
Sets one entry in translation table. argp points to a struct kbentry.:
KDGKBSENT
Gets one function key string. argp points to a

kb_string is set to the (null-terminated) string corresponding to the kb_functh function key action code.

:

KDSKBSENT
Sets one function key string entry. argp points to a struct kbsentry.:
KDGKBDIACR
Read kernel accent table. argp points to a

where kb_cnt is the number of entries in the array, each of which is a

:
KDGETKEYCODE
Read kernel keycode table entry (scan code to keycode). argp points to a

keycode is set to correspond to the given scancode. (89 <= scancode <= 255 only. For 1 <= scancode <= 88, keycode==scancode.) (Since 1.1.63.)

:

KDSETKEYCODE
Write kernel keycode table entry. argp points to a struct kbkeycode. (Since 1.1.63.):
KDSIGACCEPT
The calling process indicates its willingness to accept the signal argp when it is generated by pressing an appropriate key combination. (1 <= argp <= NSIG). (See spawn_console() in linux/drivers/char/keyboard.c.):
VT_OPENQRY
Returns the first available (non-opened) console. argp points to an int which is set to the number of the vt (1 <= *argp <= MAX_NR_CONSOLES).:
VT_GETMODE
Get mode of active vt. argp points to a

which is set to the mode of the active vt. mode is set to one of these values:

<TABLE> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD>VT_AUTO</TD> <TD>auto vt switching

</TD> </TR> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD>VT_PROCESS</TD> <TD>process controls switching

</TD> </TR> <TR VALIGN="top| <TD>VT_ACKACQ</TD> <TD>acknowledge switch

</TD> </TR> </TABLE> :

VT_SETMODE
Set mode of active vt. argp points to a struct vt_mode.:
VT_GETSTATE
Get global vt state info. argp points to a

For each vt in use, the corresponding bit in the v_state member is set. (Kernels 1.0 through 1.1.92.)

:

VT_RELDISP
Release a display.:
VT_ACTIVATE
Switch to vt argp (1 <= argp <= MAX_NR_CONSOLES).:
VT_WAITACTIVE
Wait until vt argp has been activated.:
VT_DISALLOCATE
Deallocate the memory associated with vt argp. (Since 1.1.54.):
VT_RESIZE
Set the kernel's idea of screensize. argp points to a

Note that this does not change the videomode. See resizecons?(8). (Since 1.1.54.)

:

VT_RESIZEX
Set the kernel's idea of various screen parameters. argp points to a

Any parameter may be set to zero, indicating "no change", but if multiple parameters are set, they must be self-consistent. Note that this does not change the videomode. See resizecons?(8). (Since 1.3.3.)

:

The action of the following ioctls depends on the first byte in the struct pointed to by argp, referred to here as the subcode. These are legal only for the superuser or the owner of the current terminal.

TIOCLINUX, subcode=0
Dump the screen. Disappeared in 1.1.92. (With kernel 1.1.92 or later, read from /dev/vcsN or /dev/vcsaN instead.):
TIOCLINUX, subcode=1
Get task information. Disappeared in 1.1.92.:
TIOCLINUX, subcode=2
Set selection. argp points to a

xs and ys are the starting column and row. xe and ye are the ending column and row. (Upper left corner is row=column=1.) sel_mode is 0 for character-by-character selection, 1 for word-by-word selection, or 2 for line-by-line selection. The indicated screen characters are highlighted and saved in the static array sel_buffer in devices/char/console.c.:

TIOCLINUX, subcode=3
Paste selection. The characters in the selection buffer are written to fd.:
TIOCLINUX, subcode=4
Unblank the screen.:
TIOCLINUX, subcode=5
Sets contents of a 256-bit look up table defining characters in a "word", for word-by-word selection. (Since 1.1.32.):
TIOCLINUX, subcode=6
argp points to a char which is set to the value of the kernel variable shift_state. (Since 1.1.32.):
TIOCLINUX, subcode=7
argp points to a char which is set to the value of the kernel variable report_mouse. (Since 1.1.33.):
TIOCLINUX, subcode=8
Dump screen width and height, cursor position, and all the character-attribute pairs. (Kernels 1.1.67 through 1.1.91 only. With kernel 1.1.92 or later, read from /dev/vcsa* instead.):
TIOCLINUX, subcode=9
Restore screen width and height, cursor position, and all the character-attribute pairs. (Kernels 1.1.67 through 1.1.91 only. With kernel 1.1.92 or later, write to /dev/vcsa* instead.):
TIOCLINUX, subcode=10
Handles the Power Saving feature of the new generation of monitors. VESA screen blanking mode is set to argp[1], which governs what screen blanking does:

:

0Screen blanking is disabled.
1The current video adapter register settings are saved, then the controller is programmed to turn off the vertical synchronization pulses. This puts the monitor into "standby" mode. If your monitor has an Off_Mode timer, then it will eventually power down by itself.
2The current settings are saved, then both the vertical and horizontal synchronization pulses are turned off. This puts the monitor into "off" mode. If your monitor has no Off_Mode timer, or if you want your monitor to power down immediately when the blank_timer times out, then you choose this option. (Caution
Powering down frequently will damage the monitor.) (Since 1.1.76.):

RETURN VALUE

On success, 0 is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set.

ERRORS

errno may take on these values:

EBADF
The file descriptor is invalid.:
ENOTTY
The file descriptor is not associated with a character special device, or the specified request does not apply to it.:
EINVAL
The file descriptor or argp is invalid.:
EPERM
Insufficient permission.:

NOTES

Warning: Do not regard this man page as documentation of the Linux console ioctls. This is provided for the curious only, as an alternative to reading the source. Ioctl's are undocumented Linux internals, liable to be changed without warning. (And indeed, this page more or less describes the situation as of kernel version 1.1.94; there are many minor and not-so-minor differences with earlier versions.)

Very often, ioctls are introduced for communication between the kernel and one particular well-known program (fdisk, hdparm, setserial, tunelp, loadkeys, selection, setfont, etc.), and their behavior will be changed when required by this particular program.

Programs using these ioctls will not be portable to other versions of UNIX, will not work on older versions of Linux, and will not work on future versions of Linux.

Use POSIX functions.

SEE ALSO

dumpkeys?(1), kbd_mode?(1), loadkeys?(1), mknod?(1), setleds?(1), setmetamode?(1), execve?(2), fcntl?(2), ioperm?(2), termios?(3), console?(4), console_codes?(4), mt?(4), sd?(4), tty?(4), tty_ioctl?(4), ttyS?(4), vcs?(4), vcsa?(4), charsets?(7), mapscrn?(8), resizecons?(8), setfont?(8)

/usr/include/linux/kd.h, /usr/include/linux/vt.h

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.74 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


Index

NAME

DESCRIPTION

RETURN VALUE

ERRORS

NOTES

SEE ALSO

COLOPHON