Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (7)
This is an implementation of the Lightweight User Datagram Protocol (UDP-Lite), as described in RFC 3828.
UDP-Lite is an extension of UDP (RFC 768) to support variable-length checksums. This has advantages for some types of multimedia transport that may be able to make use of slightly damaged datagrams, rather than having them discarded by lower-layer protocols.
To set or get a UDP-Lite socket option, call getsockopt?(2) to read or setsockopt?(2) to write the option with the option level argument set to IPPROTO_UDPLITE. In addition, all IPPROTO_UDP socket options are valid on a UDP-Lite socket. See udp?(7) for more information.
The following two options are specific to UDP-Lite.
- This option sets the sender checksum coverage and takes an int as argument, with a checksum coverage value in the range 0..2^16-1.
A value of 0 means that the entire datagram is always covered. Values from 1-7 are illegal (RFC 3828, 3.1) and are rounded up to the minimum coverage of 8.
With regard to IPv6 jumbograms (RFC 2675), the UDP-Litev6 checksum coverage is limited to the first 2^16-1 octets, as per RFC 3828, 3.5. Higher values are therefore silently truncated to 2^16-1. If in doubt, the current coverage value can always be queried using getsockopt?(2).
- This is the receiver-side analogue and uses the same argument format and value range as UDPLITE_SEND_CSCOV. This option is not required to enable traffic with partial checksum coverage. Its function is that of a traffic filter: when enabled, it instructs the kernel to drop all packets which have a coverage less than the specified coverage value.
When the value of UDPLITE_RECV_CSCOV exceeds the actual packet coverage, incoming packets are silently dropped, but may generate a warning message in the system log.
/proc/net/snmp - basic UDP-Litev4 statistics counters.
Where glibc support is missing, the following definitions are needed:
#define IPPROTO_UDPLITE 136 #define UDPLITE_SEND_CSCOV 10 #define UDPLITE_RECV_CSCOV 11
RFC 3828 for the Lightweight User Datagram Protocol (UDP-Lite).
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